Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam said, “My Ummah were given five things for Ramadhaan which were not given to anyone except them:
The smell from the mouth of a fasting person is more sweeter to Allah Ta’ala than the fragrant smell of musk.
The fish in the sea seek forgiveness on their behalf until they make Iftaar.
Allah Ta’ala prepares and decorates Jannah for them and He says to it, ‘The time is near when My Pious Servants shall cast aside the great trials of the world and come to you.’
The Shayaateen are chained.
On the last night of Ramadhaan, the Ummah is forgiven.”
The Sahaabah asked, “O Rasool of Allah! Is that last night Laylatul-Qadr?” Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam replied, “No! But it is only right that a servant should be given his reward on having completed his service.” Baihaqi
If a fasting person forgetfully eats, drinks or has sexual intercourse, the fast will not break. If he eats and drinks a full-stomach, even then the fast will not break. If he forgetfully eats or drinks several times in the day, the fast will still not break.
A person saw a fasting person eating or drinking something. If this fasting person is quite strong and is not greatly affected by fasting, it will be wajib to remind him that he is fasting. But if he is a weak person and is greatly affected by fasting, he should not be reminded that he is fasting. Instead, he should be allowed to continue eating.
A person slept away during the day. He saw a dream which made ghusl compulsory on him. (i.e. he had a wet-dream) In such a case, the fast does not break.
During the day, it is permissible to apply surmah (antimony), oil, and to inhale any fragrance. The fast is not affected by such acts irrespective of when this is done. In fact, after applying surmah, if the colour of the surmah appears in one's saliva or mucus in the nose, even then the fast will not break nor will it become makrooh.
It is permissible for a man to sleep next to his wife, to touch her and to kiss her. However, if, due to the passions of youth, there is the fear that these acts would lead to sexual intercourse, they should be abstained from. It will then be makrooh to carry out such acts.
A fly went down the throat, or some smoke or dust went down the throat on it's own. In such a case, the fast will not break. However, if one did this intentionally, the fast will break.
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It was narrated that Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu said:
"Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam used to encourage (us) to pray Qiyam (Taraaweeh) during Ramadan, without insisting on that, and he said: 'Whoever spends the nights of Ramadan in prayer (Qiyam) out of faith and in the hope of reward, he will be forgiven his previous sins'