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Who is correcting who? PDF Print E-mail


Shamsuddeen Muhammad bin Hamzah bin Muhammad Al-Fanaari (rahimahullah) was a great Mufti and Qaadhi during the reign of the Abbasid ruler, Baayazeed Khan. He was born in 751 A.H. and was the grand teacher of the great scholar, ‘Allaamah Jalaaluddeen Suyooti (rahimahullah).

On one occasion, the ruler, Baayazeed Khan, entered the court of Qaadhi Shamsuddeen (rahimahullah) in order to testify in a certain case. When he tried to testify, Qaadhi Shamsuddeen (rahimahullah) rejected his testimony!

Baayazeed Khan later asked the Qaadhi, “Why did you reject my testimony?” In reply, Qaadhi Shamsuddeen (rahimahullah) said, “You are not a credible witness because you do not perform salaah with jamaat in the musjid.” On hearing this, Baayazeed Khan acknowledged his error and in order to rectify it, he constructed a musjid opposite his palace. He would thereafter perform every salaah with jamaat in that musjid. (Ash-Shaqaa-iqun-Nu’maaniyyah, pg. 19)

Lessons:

1. When a person is sincere in his imaan, he will not look at who is correcting him. Rather, he will look at whether the correction is valid and applicable to him or not. If it is valid and applies to him, he will accept the correction with humility and consider it the means of his progress, not a means of his humiliation and disgrace.

2. When a person is loyal to Allah Ta‘ala, he will not be prepared to compromise his deeni standards for anyone. Hence Qaadhi Shamsuddeen (rahimahullah) rejected the testimony of the ruler of the time and did not make a special concession for him. Similarly, in our own lives, we may be faced with a situation where we have to choose between making Allah Ta‘ala happy or making someone else happy. We have to remember that our ties and loyalty to Allah Ta‘ala come first and can under no circumstances be sacrificed.

 

 
MORE ON TALAAQ (DIVORCE) PDF Print E-mail
Behshti Zewar - Fiqah

MORE ON TALAAQ (DIVORCE)

There are two ways in pronouncing or issuing the talaq.

The First Way: Is that the husband clearly utters: "I divorce you" or "I divorce my wife." In other words, he issues the divorce in such clear words that there is no possibility of taking any other meaning from these words. Such a divorce is known as talaq-e-sarih.

The Second Way : Is that the husband does not utter the words of divorce clearly. Instead, he speaks in very vague terms from which divorce could be deduced and from which some other meaning could also be taken, e.g. the person says: "I have distanced you from me." From this, it could be deduced that he said: "I divorce you" or "I have not divorced you, but I will not keep you with me. Remain with your parents. I will not even bother about you."
Alternatively, he could have said: "I will have no contact with you." "I have no need for you." "You have been separated from me." "I have separated you from me." "I have separated you from my house, go away." "Get out." "Go far from here." "Go away to your parents." "Go away to your house." "I will not accommodate you any longer."

Uttering any of the above words or other words similar to these, in which there is the possibility of several meanings is known as talaq-e-kinayah.

Read more...
 
Divorcing a Person PDF Print E-mail
Behshti Zewar - Fiqah

Divorcing a Person

Only the man has the right to divorce. Once the man divorces his wife, the divorce comes into effect. The woman has no choice in this irrespective of whether she accepts the divorce or not. In all cases, the divorce comes into effect. The wife cannot divorce her husband.

The man has the right of issuing three talaqs only, and not more. If he issues four or five talaqs even then only three will be considered.

Once the man utters: "I divorce my wife", and utters these words in such a tone that he himself can hear these words, divorce comes into effect. This is irrespective of whether he uttered them in private or in public, and whether his wife heard him uttering these words or not. In all cases, divorce takes place.

Divorce is of three types:

The First Type: Is that the nikah is completely annulled and it is not permissible to live with the man without renewing the nikah. If the woman wishes to stay with this man again, and the man also agrees to keep her, they will have to have their nikah performed again. Such a talaq is known as talaqul ba’in.

Read more...
 
Qurbani and Taqwa PDF Print E-mail
Fiqh and Masaail - Qurbaani/Aqeeqah

 

6 Zil Hijjah 1437

7 September 2016

Qurbani — May the blood flow, Taqwa grow and…

Allah be Pleased!

QURBANI

Says Allah, Most High

“And it is not the flesh, nor the blood, which reaches Allah but the Taqwa that reaches Him from you.”

The morning of the 10th of Dhul Hijjah is a very special morning. It is a morning unlike any other morning of the whole year. It is a morning of astronomical proportions. It is a morning which should instil awe into the heart of a Muslim. For this is a morning in which a Muslim will take a life of a creation of Allah.

Life is sacred. All forms of it. Souls differ. The soul of a human is different to that of animals. That is why a human is not expected to behave like an animal. That is also why an animal does not behave like a human being. The disposition of humans also differs from one another. That is why a man is not expected to behave like a woman and vice versa. Despite the differences, some things are common amongst humankind. Like compassion and sanctity.

Sanctity also differs. An animal slaughtered on any other days does not enjoy the same sanctity as an animal slaughtered for Qurbani. The animal slaughtered for Qurbani is a treasure for the hereafter and powers Taqwa which in turn fuels the Imaan residing in the soul of a Muslim.

Taqwa consists of four things:

1) Taqwa in intention: Allah’s Command shall be carried out with joy and enthusiasm! Nay, Allah’s command, even before being carried out, is received with ecstasy and jubilation. Qurbani days are here! A Muslim bows happily to Allah’s Will. His intention is filled with humility and hope. A Muslim loves His Allah. A Muslim knows His Allah. A Muslim adores His Allah. And why not — is that not the purpose of his life?

Has Allah not blessed him with Imaan? Has Allah Ta’aala not honoured him with Imaan? Now his Allah calls. Now his Allah commands: “Slaughter and take a life for My Pleasure. Do it for Me. Do it with Love. Do it with Fear. Do it with humility. It’s not the flesh that counts. It’s not the blood that counts. It’s your heart that counts. Its Taqwa that counts.

2) Taqwa in the environment: A corrupt environment breeds a corrupt mentality. A corrupt environment fosters evil habits. A corrupt environment is Shaytaan’s playground. A corrupt environment increases the evil power of the Nafs. A corrupt environment blinds the intelligence and gives steam to shamelessness.

The environment for Qurbani should be filled with holiness and piety. It should be devoid of inter-mingling between males and females. Qurbani is not an occasion like the Spanish “bull run” or a festival like “the July Handicap.”

There are no fun features in Qurbani. There is no spectatorship value. Qurbani is not a fashion parade for women. Qurbani is not macho-time for men. Qurbani is not a circus. Qurbani is Taqwa just as Taqwa is Qurbani. Let the environment be free from immodesty, laughter, flirting, videoing, music, bragging and boasting.

The occasion is solemn – lives are going to be sacrificed – not for the sake of meat or a meal but for Allah’s Pleasure. And as Allah listens to the hearts for whispers of Taqwa, so does Allah watch the environment for scenes of Taqwa, He watches if the animal is the animal which He wants.

3) Taqwa with regards to the animal: Allah Ta’ala watches if the animal is worthy of His Choice. There are specifications to the type of animals. There are age restrictions. Allah’s chosen animal should not be blind, or deaf or paralysed. Allah’s chosen animal should be comforted and not be traumatised. Allah’s chosen animal should be treated with compassion and kindness. Allah’s chosen animal should not be brutalised and stunned SANHA-STYLE” (the captive bolt device which entails shooting with a gun a long metal bolt into the skull of the animal resulting in the brains of the creature being totally shattered.)

Allah’s animal should be made to face the direction of the House of Allah and not the direction dictated by Kuffaar companies. The Qiblah is on the compass of millions of restless Muslim hearts, how could it ever be ignored? It is only scholars for dollars whose hearts face their bank balances who treat the Qiblah of Islam lightly.

In a certain way, animals know Allah much better than humans. Deep down, that animal knows it is to be sacrificed.

And if we could hear its last speech, we would understand that its last wish is to take its last breath facing the city of Allah, facing the House of Allah . And why not, after all, is it not going to be slaughtered in Allah’s name?

4) Taqwa in slaughtering: The slaughterer’s Taqwa commenced maybe some months ago when he started saving for his Qurbani. His Taqwa was given practical expression when he searched for his animal. His appearance re-enforced his Taqwa when he stopped pairing his nails and stopped cutting his hair. His appearance is perhaps shabby to the creation, but in the eyes of Allah, he is most handsome and adorable.

He steps forward with sleeves rolled-up and with a heart beating. In front of him, perhaps for a fleeting moment, flashes a scene from another time.

A time when a man was commanded to slaughter his only son.

A time when a man took a sharp knife in his hands and stepped forth to this blind folded son.

A time when a man firmly took hold of the throat of this only son.

A time when a man with a firm heart and a firm belief and with all the strength of a Nabi’s blessed powerful Taqwa filled hands abided to His Friend—Allah’s  commands. May Allah have Mercy and forever shower His Choicest Blessings upon Sayidina Ebrahim alayhi salaam. Ameen.

What a worthy spiritual grandfather was he not to this Ummah! Worthy is he indeed of his name being recited four times in every two rakaat’s Salaah by every single Muslim in every corner of the world!

The slaughterer not only slaughters the animal. The slaughterer seeks the innocence of that sinless animal. He does so by intending to slaughter his Nafs. The blood gushes forth from the animal, purifying it. The Nafsaani evil “gushes” forth from the slaughterer’s Nafs. He is also, according to his intention, purified. His was a Qur-bani of Taqwa. He has passed a test. Ibrahim (alayhi salaam) passed his test. He was rewarded for his sacrifice. This simple bondsman will also be rewarded for his sacrifice.

Qurbani — May the blood flow, Taqwa grow and…

Allah be Pleased!


Says Allah The Most High


“It is not the flesh, nor the blood which reaches Allah, but it is the Taqwa that reaches Him from you.”


The morning of the 10th of Dhul Hijjah is a very special morning. It is a morning unlike any other morning of the whole year. It is a morning of astronomical proportions. It is a morning which should instil awe into the heart of a Muslim. For this is a morning in which a Muslim will take a life of a creation of Allah.
Life is sacred. All forms of it. Souls differ. The soul of a human is different to that of animals. This is why a human is not expected to behave like an animal. This is also why an animal does not behave like a human being. The disposition of humans also differs from one another. This is why a man is not expected to behave like a woman and vice versa. Despite the differences, some things are common amongst humankind, like compassion and sanctity.
Sanctity also differs. An animal slaughtered on any other day does not enjoy the same sanctity as an animal slaughtered for Qurbani. The animal slaughtered for Qurbani is a treasure for the hereafter and powers Taqwa which in turn fuels the Imaan residing in the soul of a Muslim.


Taqwa consists of four things:


1) Taqwa in intention: Allah’s Command shall be carried out with joy and enthusiasm! Nay, Allah’s command, even before being carried out, is received with ecstasy and jubilation. Qurbani days are here! A Muslim bows happily to Allah’s Will. His intention is filled with humility and hope. A Muslim loves His Allah. A Muslim knows His Allah. A Muslim adores His Allah. And why not — is that not the purpose of his life?
Has Allah not blessed him with Imaan? Has Allah Ta’aala not honoured him with Imaan? Now his Allah calls. Now his Allah commands: “Slaughter and take a life for My Pleasure. Do it for Me. Do it with Love. Do it with Fear. Do it with humility. It’s not the flesh that counts. It’s not the blood that counts. It’s your heart that counts. Its Taqwa that counts.


2) Taqwa in the environment: A corrupt environment breeds a corrupt mentality. A corrupt environment fosters evil habits. A corrupt environment is Shaytaan’s playground. A corrupt environment increases the evil power of the Nafs. A corrupt environment blinds the intelligence and gives steam to shamelessness.
The environment for Qurbani should be filled with holiness and piety. It should be devoid of inter-mingling between males and females. Qurbani is not an occasion like the Spanish “bull run” or a festival like “the July Handicap.”

Read more...
 
Umme Khalid radiyallahu ‘anha PDF Print E-mail
Behshti Zewar - Beneficial Stories

Umme Khalid radiyallahu ‘anha

When the people migrated to Abyssinia, she was also present. She was a child at that time. When she returned from there to Madinah, her father went to meet Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. She also accompanied her father. She was wearing a yellow dress. Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had a small embroidered shawl. He made her wear it and said to her that she was looking very nice. Thereafter he made the following du‘a: "May you get worn out and get old." This is a form of expression the meaning of which is that may you live long. Many people have narrated that they have not seen any woman as old as her, i.e. she lived for very long. The people used to refer to her and say that a certain woman has reached very old age. Once, when she was a child, she began playing with the seal of prophethood which was on Rasulullah’s sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam back. Upon seeing this, her father scolded her. Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam told him to leave her alone as there was nothing wrong in what she was doing.

Lesson: She was very fortunate. O women! The shawl of the Din is actually the shawl of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, just as the Quran has referred to piety as clothing. If you wish to acquire this fortune, adopt Din and piety.

 
Safiyyah radiyallahu ‘anha PDF Print E-mail
Behshti Zewar - Beneficial Stories

Safiyyah radiyallahu ‘anha

She is the aunt of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. When his uncle, Hamzah radiyallahu ‘anhu was martyred in Uhud, he said: "I am thinking of the suffering of Safiyyah, or else I would have not buried Hamzah. I would have left him for the wild animals to eat of him and on the day of judgement he will arise from their stomachs."

Lesson: O women! Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took her into consideration on account of her piety. You also become pious so that you can be eligible for the pleasure of Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

 
More on Defects in an item PDF Print E-mail
Behshti Zewar - Business

More on Defects in an item

A person purchased eggs and paid a certain price per egg. When the eggs were broken, all of them turned out to be rotten. The buyer can take all his money back and it will be regarded as if he did not purchase the eggs at all. If a few turn out to be rotten, he can claim the money for those that are rotten.

If a person purchases several eggs which have all been priced together (i.e. he does not pay a certain price per egg), then we will have to see how many rotten eggs come out from the entire lot. If five or six eggs are rotten out of a total of 100 eggs, it will not be considered. But if more than this turns out to be rotten, he can claim the money for those that are rotten.

A person purchased cucumbers, sweet-melons, water-melons, pumpkins, almonds, walnuts, etc. When they were cut open or broken open, he noticed that they are rotten. In such a case, check whether they could be used, or they are so bad that they are absolutely useless and have to be thrown away. If they are absolutely useless, this transaction will not be valid and the person must claim all his money back. But if they can be used in some way, he must pay the market value of such items. The full price will not be paid.

If, out of 100 almonds, four or five are rotten it will not be considered. But if more than these turn out to be rotten, the person has the choice to reduce the price accordingly.

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