Wednesday 2 Shawwal 1435, 30 July 2014

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Fiqh and Masaail - Fasting and Eid
How to get the reward of fasting for the whole year!!!

The Month of Shawwal begins with one of the most auspicious days - Eid ul Fitr. Eid ul Fitr is a day of great ibaadah and a day of immense happiness.

The Month of Shawwal begins with one of the most auspicious days - Eid ul Fitr. Eid ul Fitr is a day of great ibaadah and a day of immense happiness.

The month of Shawwal is further enhanced by the six fasts which can be kept within it.

Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) reports that: “Whoever completes the fasts of Ramadan and then follows it with the six fasts of Shawwal, it will carry the thawaab (reward) of fasting for the whole year.” (Muslim)

Scholars have commented on the six fasts stating that every good deed is multiplied by ten, therefore the reward of 30 days of Ramadan amounts to the reward of 300 days of fasting.

The six fasts of Shawwal amounts to the rewards of 60 more days, hence raising the aggregate reward to 360 - a whole year’s reward of fasting!

Last Updated on Tuesday, 29 July 2014 07:28
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Fiqh and Masaail - Fasting and Eid

The Day of Eid

Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

“It (Ramadhaan) is a month whose beginning is mercy, its intermediate is forgiveness and its culmination is freedom from the Fire.”

The Hadeeth has described the ending of Ramadhaan as “freedom from the Fire.” This freedom is the fruits of the preceding mercy and forgiveness. It is therefore established that the ending of Ramadhaan is a collection of mercy, forgiveness and freedom from the Fire. This was one premise.

Add to that another premise which is from the Qur’aan:

“Say (O Muhammad Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) it is purely through the grace and mercy of Allah. Therefore rejoice over that.” (Surah Younus, 58)

From these two premises the conclusion is that there should be some form of joy on the occasion of mercy. This joy is furthermore proven from a particular Hadeeth. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) says:

“The fasting person experiences two occasions of joy; one occasion of joy is at the time of iftaar (when completing the fast) and the other occasion of joy is when meeting his Rabb.”

From this Hadeeth we learn that the time of completing the fast (iftaar) is a time of happiness.

The Minor and Major Iftaar

Last Updated on Tuesday, 29 July 2014 07:24
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Sayings of Hazrat Moulana Maseehullah Khan Saheb - Sayings of Hazrat Moulana Maseehullah Khan Saheb

136. If the gaze was even minutely on the Aakhirat there would not have been even a minute scope for takabbur (arrogance) in the heart.

137. Those who had their gazes on the Aakhirat, they took an oath that they were worse than dogs and swine.

138. By virtue of the gaze being on the Aakhirat one does not look (with pride) at the good one did, rather the reward of Allah is yearned for.

139. Tool-e-Amal is to cherish distant hopes. This Tool-e-Amal is haraam. It is a spiritual sickness.

140. The gaze of the Akaabir was on A’maal and hence their actions were consistent at home and on journey; their devotional practices (ma’moolaat) were the same inside their homes and outside.

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Tasawwuf - Tasawwuf


Allah Ta’ala revealed to Nabi Musa (alayhis salaam): “O Musa! There are some such servants if they ask Me for the entire Jannat, I shall award it to them. But if they ask me from something of the world, I shall deny it to them. This denial is not because they are despised by Me, but I intend to pile up treasures for them in Jannat, and I save them from this world in the way a shepherd saves his sheep from the wolf.”

Last Updated on Friday, 25 July 2014 07:04
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Fiqh and Masaail - Fasting and Eid

Q. Is it permitted for one to fast while having the flu/bronchitis? Does the bringing up of slime/mucous on the chest break one’s fast?

A. It is permissible to fast when having flu. The phlegm on the chest does not break the fast. If it comes up to the mouth it should be expelled from the mouth.

Last Updated on Friday, 25 July 2014 07:12
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Fiqh and Masaail - Fasting and Eid

Q. I will appreciate it if the learned scholars of the Jamiat can answer the following question: Why do the South African Ulama refuse to work with the Ulama of neighbouring countries to establish the reliability of moon-sightings, and to work towards ensuring that Muslims in Southern Africa start Ramadaan and make Eid on the same day? I ask because I have read in Taalim ul Islam and Fatawa Rahimiyyah that reliable global sightings are acceptable.

Furthermore, please explain why Eid ul Adha is not made with Haajis. I have been told that there is a Hadith which states that Arafat is Haj and Eid follows. Furthermore, should we not be keeping the fast of Arafat on the same day as Haajis?

A.1. There is no Shar’i incumbency on us to celebrate Eid with neighbouring countries or with any other country. Even the Sahaabah had adopted this attitude, and our senior Ulama and Mashaaikh had also adopted this stance.

When people desire to impose acts which the Shariah does not impose or command then the consequences are problems and strife. It is not permissible to impose on anyone a permissible act. Furthermore we see no need for assuming an additional unnecessary responsibility. The old system is simple and has no problems.

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Fiqh and Masaail - Fasting and Eid

Q. One night as the Imam and I were speaking on the Hilaal issue he mentioned something that I have rarely heard of and know little about. Although we have agreed that local moon sighting will be the only correct method he mentioned that we may start to possibly consider global moon sighting. I've heard of this, however, I've never heard it been discussed or fought over.

He mentions that there is strong daleel for it and many great sheiks now are saying it may be a possibility; that no matter where the moon is spotted in the world we can accept it and have Eid together as one world. That in fact was the opinion of Imam Shaafi’ (Rahmatullahi alaih), but because of no possibility of communicating worldwide it was brushed to the side. Now with modern technology it is very much possible.

He says that there are some draw backs though, because Saudi Arabia will never accept anyone's sighting and the 13hour difference of some countries will cause problems in the sightings, but it’s possible. I was hoping if Mufti Sahib could enlighten me on this topic and what is our stance on it.

A. “Global Moon Sighting” is a convoluted concept of the modernists. The claim that this is allowed by Imaam Shaafi (Rahmatullahi alaih) is baseless. In fact, Imaam Shaafi’s view is the narrowest on the issue of hilaal-sighting. The Shaafi’ Math-hab does not accept sightings from far off places.

Last Updated on Friday, 25 July 2014 07:10
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Fiqh and Masaail - Fasting and Eid

Q. As an Imaam is it permissible to follow Saudi moon sighting for Ramadhan & Eid, if one has serious personal reservations about the validity of the moon sighting on the basis that there should not be an acrimonious split amongst the Masjid committee & the community who are unwilling to change.

In line with one's beliefs, this may result in one having to keep a Qadha fast in order to perform Eid with the community after which the community is or will be informed of the Imam's reservations.

Would the keeping of a Qadha fast in the aforementioned scenario constitute a valid excuse acceptable in Shar'iah. Please note the Hadith below in regards to this question:

"Whosoever eats on one day of Ramadhan without a valid excuse (acceptable in Shari'ah) shall never be able to repay that day even by fasting the rest of his life."

A. If the Imaam is convinced that the day the community is celebrating Eid, is in fact the last day of Ramadhaan, then he should fast and not join the Eid Salaat of the community.

Last Updated on Friday, 25 July 2014 07:11
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Fiqh and Masaail - Zakaat and Sadaqaat

Q. Can sadaqah be given to one’s domestic worker?

A. It is permissible to give Nafl Sadaqah to one’s domestic worker. It is furthermore permissible to give Sadaqatul Fitr (Fitrah) to one’s domestic worker if the worker is struggling to make ends meet and does not have excess items such as TV, radios, ornaments, etc. to the value of the Zakaat Nisaab.

Zakaat, however, has to be given to a poor Muslim.

Last Updated on Friday, 25 July 2014 07:11



Please note: All Bayaans suspended unitll 12 Aug 2014 due to Eid holidays.



Daily Taaleem Series



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